Behind the curtain, the VPN in the Opera browser is just a proxy. Here's how it works.
When setting up Opera VPN (that's immediately when user enables it in settings), the browser sends few API requests to
https://api.surfeasy.com to obtain credentials and proxy IPs, see below, also see The Oprah Proxy.
The browser then talks to a proxy
de0.opera-proxy.net (when VPN location is set to Germany), it's IP address can only be resolved from within Opera when VPN is on, it's
184.108.40.206 (or similar, see below). It's an HTTP/S proxy which requires auth.
When loading a page with Opera “VPN” enabled, the browser sends a lot of HTTPS requests to
Proxy-Authorization request header.
Proxy-Authorization header decoded:
device_password come from the HTTPS
POST /v2/register_device API call. Please note that this decoded header is from another Opera installation and thus contains different
device_password than what is shown in the examples.
These creds can be used with the
de0.opera-proxy.net even when connecting from a different machine, it's just an HTTP proxy anyway.
When you use the proxy on a different machine (with no Opera installed), you'll get the same IP as when using Opera's VPN, of course.
This Opera “VPN” is just a preconfigured HTTP/S proxy protecting just the traffic between Opera and the proxy, nothing else. It's not a VPN.
They even call it Secure proxy (besides calling it VPN, sure) in Opera settings.
The API calls are:
I have automated the API calls and have built The Oprah Proxy, a simple Python script which will fetch the credentials for you. It will also list available locations and proxies.
This has been initially published on GitHub as a gist.
- Opera browser’s VPN is just a proxy, here’s how it works on Help Net Security, with a comment from Opera
- Opera's VPN Is Just a Proxy, Developer Says, Opera might have gone overboard with its marketing campaign
- The Oprah Proxy, generates credentials for Opera's “browser VPN”
- My technical write-up on how the whole thing works, including example API calls
I build web applications and I'm into web application security. I like to speak about secure development. My mission is to teach web developers how to build secure and fast web applications and why.